What Is Eczema?

There are many types of eczema, and they each have different sets of symptoms and triggers. Both children and adults can suffer from eczema, which is a chronic disease that can come and go over time. For some, it starts in childhood and continues through adulthood. Others may not begin experiencing eczema until adulthood.

No matter which kind of eczema you have, make sure you tell your doctor all about how eczema may interfere with your everyday life. For example, having eczema on your face and hands can feel and be more severe as it can really affect your daily life. It's not only important to tell your doctor your physical symptoms, but also how you are feeling.*

Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is the most common form of eczema, and symptoms can vary widely from patient to patient. It is a chronic disease that comes and goes—with "flares” making the skin itchy, red, and painful. While there is no cure for atopic dermatitis, there are treatment options to help manage your symptoms.

Person scratching red hand affected by eczema

Hand eczema

Hand eczema can be due to genetics or triggered by allergens or irritating chemicals. Hand eczema is characterized by itchy, blistering, or dry cracking skin. As its name indicates, it is centered on the hands.

Explore hand eczema

Women pointing to her forehead that’s affected by seborrheic dermatitis

Seborrheic dermatitis

A chronic form of eczema that occurs in areas with many oil-producing glands, like the upper back, nose, and scalp. Seborrheic dermatitis has several common triggers, and most commonly affects adults between the ages of 30 and 60 or children under 3 months of age.
Learn more about seborrheic dermatitis
Women scratching above her elbow

Other eczema types

Eczema appears in a variety of forms. Some forms of eczema include contact dermatitis, neurodermatitis, dyshidrotic eczema, stasis dermatitis, and nummular eczema.
Explore more about other types of eczema
*Disclaimer: All articles found on or throughout eczema.com are sourced from publicly available articles. You should always discuss any information and/or new treatments with your doctor before trying them. All imagery throughout eczema.com are for illustrative purposes only. These are not actual patients.